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Cacti Genus coryphantha




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Notes for the Genus:

Coryphantha

Etymology -From the Greek koryphe meaning crown and anthos meaning flower.
Coryphantha is a genus that consists of relatively small, globose plants that have grooved tubercles instead of ribs. Other genera are similar to Coryphantha including Mammillaria and Escobaria. In fact, most Coryphantha where at one time included in the genus Mammillaria, but they differ primarily in that Coryphantha flower from the first year growth at the apex of the plant while Mammillaria do not flower from new growth and instead flower in rings further down the plant in mostly second-year growth. Escobaria on the other hand flower from the apex as do Coryphantha and nearly all Escobaria were once included in the genus Coryphantha in past cactus taxonomy. The difference between these two is more subtle in that Coryphantha seed coats (testa) are reticulate. In other words with a net-like or crisscrossing pattern whereas Escobaria seed coats are foveolate, meaning pitted.

Geographically, Coryphantha occur in the arid regions of the Southen U.S. and Northern Mexico while Mammillaria occurs from this range to the south and Escobaria from this same area to the north. This comparative distribution being the general state, not the range without exception. Aside from the distribution of these plants, Coryphantha typically have larger, mostly yellow flowers compared with smaller more often pink flowers of the other related genera. Again this is not without exception.

In cultivation, this genus is not at all rare, but often plants exist without adequate identification. This is especially problematic because Coryphantha plants are quite variable from seedling to mature age plants. Likewise, the presence of a central spine and/or extrafloral nectaries is variable even in mature plants. In this way several plants of the same species may appear quite different based on their age or expressed traits.

Additional notes are available for this genus:
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Click on one of the species below for more info.

Coryphantha calipensis

Coryphantha calipensis


     4 images

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Coryphantha calochlora

Coryphantha calochlora


     No images

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Coryphantha clavata

Coryphantha clavata


     4 images

Taxa Included:
   C. clavata stipitata -
4 images


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Coryphantha compacta

Coryphantha compacta


     3 images

Taxa Included:
   C. compacta -
1 image

   C. compacta palmeri -
2 images


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Coryphantha cornifera

Coryphantha cornifera


     5 images

Taxa Included:
   C. cornifera -
4 images

   C. cornifera maliterrarum -
1 image


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Coryphantha cornuta

Coryphantha cornuta


     No images

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Coryphantha delaetiana

Coryphantha delaetiana


     2 images

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Coryphantha delicata

Coryphantha delicata


     3 images

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Coryphantha difficilis

Coryphantha difficilis


     2 images

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Coryphantha durangensis

Coryphantha durangensis


     4 images

Taxa Included:
   C. durangensis -
2 images

   C. durangensis durangensis -
2 images


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*Currently 56 of 56 known species in this genus are represented on CactiGuide.com.
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